Step One in Starting Your Mobile Food Business

Step One in Starting Your Mobile Food Business

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If you are one of the thousands of people that are currently considering starting up a mobile food truck selling gourmet burgers, tacos or grilled cheese sandwiches by the truck load, the first thing to seriously consider is not your budget, not the mobile kitchen and not the hours you will be working. The first thing you must consider is the food you will be selling.

Everything else will flow from the food, so make sure you understand the food you plan on selling from your menu before making business or emotional decisions on everything else.

Food truck kitchenYour major investment will obviously be in the purchase of the food truck itself; however the type of food you will be preparing and selling will govern the type of kitchen you are going to need. The first thing to do is to research which types of kitchens are most used for selling the food you will be basing your business on; this will serve to narrow down the list of mobile kitchen equipment and components to something that is more manageable for you to realistically research in depth and contrast and compare.

The type of food you will be offering will also lead you to consider your storage and refrigeration requirements. If you are selling ice cream or frozen yogurts, you are going to need a lot of refrigeration capacity, but a lot less will be needed if you are going to be cooking burgers all day.

How much actual cooking will be required – if you are going to be grilling chicken and pork then you may want extra grill space, but if you are making up subs or other cold sandwiches, do you really need any grilling space at all? You may want to maximize the food prep space instead.

One question is how the food will be served; it’s a simple deal to hand over a bahn-mi in a bun, take the money, give change and smile at the next customer in the line, but do you want to offer something more for your customers, such as a place to sit down and take some time while they eat (if this is something your local municipality allows)? Just because this is a mobile operation does not mean you have to ditch adding value for customers, or employing strategies to help differentiate you from the rest of the competition.

Another issue you will need to consider is the volume of food sales you are going to be striving for; this will affect how many people you are going to need inside the food truck to assist with food prep and sales, and this in turn will affect the actual total storage, prep and selling space you are going to need in the truck itself. If it is too small, you may lose sales and valuable business; too large and you waste valuable investment capital.

Consider how you will prepare the food and the timescales involved, between acquiring the basic ingredients for your food offering, and time to selling it. Particularly, do you have to prep and store food off-site, or do you need to do this in the on the truck? The more reliance you place on your mobile kitchen, the greater your need for a good layout, more storage, more prep space and more refrigeration.

We hope this article will help those who are looking to start your own mobile cuisine business or expand your current food truck fleet. If you have any questions about the article, please be sure to leave them in the comment section below.


  1. 2nd. Should be the “Truck”. You can have the best menu and equipment but if you have a 1976 GMC bread truck converted to a Food truck. Beware. AAA don’t cover food truck in their policy. We have a 1993 Diesel made by International, with 166890 miles.

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